Technical vs. Fundamental Analysis in Trading: Which is Better (for You)?
When it comes to trading, one of the biggest questions traders face is: Should you use technical analysis or fundamental analysis to make trading...
Ever stared at your Edgewonk trading journal, brimming with data, and wondered what it all means? You're not alone. Tracking performance statistics is crucial for any trader, but deciphering those numbers can be a challenge. Fear not!
In this comprehensive guide, we will unlock the importance of each metric, ratio, and statistic in your Edgewonk trading journal. We'll break down the calculations, explain what the numbers tell you about your trading, and equip you with the knowledge to transform your journal into a powerful tool for trading success.
Sharpen your trading pencils and prepare to become fluent in the language of your performance metrics!
The Net Return shown in the top left widget provides the cumulative return of all trades and in other areas of your Edgewonk trading journal. Looking at the example below, the first trade generated a profit of 10%, and the second trade 9.09%. The individual trade return is calculated based on the account balance at the time of the trade. Adding the two numbers, the net return is 19.09%.
This is different from the ROI as we will see now:


Return 
New account balance 
Initial deposit 
100 USD 

100 USD 
Trade 1 profit 
10 USD 
10 % 
110 USD 
Trade 2 profit 
10 USD 
9.09 % 
120 USD 
Return Sum 

19.09 % 

Edgewonk also provides the return in terms of account currency. In such cases, we sum up the individual returns of each trade as well.
ROI stands for return on investment. When we come back to the example above, the account has an initial deposit of 100 USD, and the two trades generated a total profit of 20 USD. The ROI is, therefore, 20%.
Although the net return and the ROI are often close, they are not identical:

Initial deposit 
Current account balance 
ROI 
Journal 1 
100 USD 
150 USD 
50% 
Journal 2 
100 USD 
200 USD 
100% 
Journal 3 
200 USD 
150 USD 
25% 
The Avg P&L shows the average pertrade value. Assuming a trading journal has 10 trades with a total return of 1500 USD, the Avg P&L is going to be 150 USD. You take the total return and divide it by the number of trades.
In Edgewonk, Avg P&L is sometimes called Expectancy as well:

Total return 
Number of trades 
Avg P&L 
Journal 1 
1000 USD 
10 
100 USD 
Journal 2 
1000 USD 
25 
40 USD 
Journal 3 
1000 USD 
50 
20 USD 
The profit factor is a metric that tells you, on average, how much you make on winning trades compared to how much you lose on losing trades. A profit factor greater than 1 indicates a profitable strategy, while a value less than 1 suggests a losing one. By analyzing the profit factor, traders can assess the overall performance of their strategy and identify areas for improvement.
The calculation is simple: you take the total profit for all winning trades and divide it by the total loss on all losing trades.
The formula we use: (Return of all wins) / (Return of all losses) = Profit Factor

Total Return 
Return of all wins 
Return of all losses 
Profit Factor 
System 1 
1000 USD 
1500 USD 
500 USD 
3 
System 2 
1000 USD 
1800 USD 
800 USD 
2.25 
System 3 
1000 USD 
2000 USD 
1000 USD 
2 
System 4 
1000 USD 
4000 USD 
2000 USD 
2 
The drawdown chart shows the drawdown (distance) from your account peak.
Your account had a peak of 10.000 USD and your current trading capital is at 7.500 USD. Your drawdown is 25% because you are 25% below your capital high watermark.
When your trading account is currently at an alltime high, the Drawdown is 0%.
The RMultiple (Risk Multiple) is a key metric in Edgewonk and trading in general. For the RMultiple calculation, a Stop Loss is needed because the distance between the entry price and the stop loss is defined as one risk unit.
Let’s say the entry price on a long position is 100 USD with a stop loss at 90 USD. For this trade, one R (one Risk unit) is 10 USD. The RMultiple then looks at the exit price to determine the outcome in terms of RMultiple.
The table below provides three examples of different RMultiple calculations for long trades where each risk unit is 10 USD as determined by the distance between the entry price and the stop loss. The RMultiple then just takes the distance between the entry price and the exit price to determine the multiple risk units based on the exit.

Entry price 
Stop Loss 
Exit 
RMultiple 
Trade 1 
100 USD 
90 USD 
110 USD 
+1 
Trade 2 
100 USD 
90 USD 
95 USD 
0.5 
Trade 3 
100 USD 
90 USD 
120 USD 
+2 
The RRR is similar to the RMultiple but measured at a different time of the trade. Whereas the RMultiple is measured at the time of the trade exit, the RRR is measured during the entry of the trade.
For the RRR, you measure the following distances:
1) From your entry to your stop loss = Potential Risk
2) From your entry to your target = Potential Reward
The resulting RRR formula is: (Potential Reward / Potential Risk)

Entry price 
Stop Loss 
Take Profit 
RRR 
Trade 1 
100 USD 
90 USD 
105 USD 
0.5 : 1 
Trade 2 
100 USD 
90 USD 
110 USD 
1 :1 
Trade 3 
100 USD 
90 USD 
120 USD 
2 : 1 
The Edgewonk score is a performance metric that takes the Profit Factor, the Return to drawdown ratio, and sample size into account.
The price(%) metric refers to the distance between the entry price and the exit price of a trade and, therefore, shows you how far the price has traveled during the trade duration.
The price(%) is positive when the exit price is higher than the entry price.
The price (%) will be negative when the exit price is lower than the entry price.

Entry 
Exit 
Price (%) 
Trade 1 
100 USD 
75 USD 
25% 
Trade 2 
100 USD 
150 USD 
50% 
Trade 3 
100 USD 
110 USD 
10% 
The Drawdown (%) column measures how close the price has come to the stop loss of a trade. A drawdown of 100% indicates that the price hit the stop loss. The higher the drawdown, the closer the price has come to the stop loss.
For the drawdown to work properly, each trade needs to have the following data points in Edgewonk: stop loss, highest price, and lowest price.
The Updraw (%) column measures how close the price has come to the take profit of a trade. A updraw of 100% indicates that the price hit the take profit. The higher the updraw, the closer the price has come to the take profit.
For the updraw to work properly, each trade needs to have the following data points in Edgewonk: take profit, highest price, and lowest price.

Entry price 
Take Profit 
Highest Price 
Updraw (%) 
Trade 1 (long) 
100 USD 
200 USD 
200 USD 
100% 
Trade 2 (long) 
100 USD 
200 USD 
150 USD 
50% 
Trade 3 (long) 
100 USD 
200 USD 
110 USD 
10% 
MAE in trading stands for Maximum Adverse Excursion. It measures the biggest drawdown a trade experiences while open, regardless of whether it closes in profit.
MAE in trading stands for Maximum Favorable Excursion. It measures the biggest unrealized profit a trade experiences while open, regardless of whether it closes in a loss.
The table shows the calculation for a long and a short trade. Note that the MAE for long trade take the lowest price into account because it measures the price move against the trade. On the other hand, for a short trade, the MAE takes the highest price into account.

Entry 
Highest Price 
Lowest Price 
MAE 
MFE 
Trade 1 (long) 
100 USD 
120 USD 
90 USD 
10 USD 
20 USD 
Trade 2 (short) 
100 USD 
120 USD 
90 USD 
20 USD 
10 USD 
The efficiency shows how well you are executing your trading rules. For each trade in Edgewonk, you can assign a trade entry, trade management, and a trade exit comment. The comments can either describe positive, negative, or neutral trading behavior.
The more positive comments you assign to a trade, the higher your efficiency.
Example:
On your last 3 trades, you assigned 7 positive and 2 negative comments. The results in an efficiency of 78% because 7 out of 9 comments are positive.
The Sharpe Ratio measures the realized return in comparison to the risk taken. However, the Sharpe Ratio has a crucial limitation because it penalizes traders for large winners and large losses alike.
The formula we use is: (Sum return of all trades) / (Standard deviation of all returns)
The problem with the Sharpe Ratio is that we get smaller ratios when a trader has large winning trades. Better alternatives to the Sharpe Ratio are the Sortino Ratio and the Gain to Pain ratio.
The Sortino Ratio is a risk metric, and it is similar to the Sharpe Ratio, but the Sortino Ratio only penalizes traders for larger losing trades and not for large winning trades as the Sharpe Ratio does.
The formula we use is: (Sum return of all trades) / (Standard deviation of return of all losing trades)
The Sortino Ratio is, therefore, the superior metric because it only looks at the downside risk. A trader who realizes large losing trades will see his Sortino Ratio drop.
The Calmar Ratio is another risk metric, looking at the risk component of a trading strategy differently.
The Calmar Ratio uses the maximum drawdown as the risk component.
The formula we use is: (Sum of all returns) / (Max Drawdown)
When comparing two strategies with the same return, the one with the worst drawdown will have a lower Calmar Ratio.
The Gain to Pain (GtP) ratio provides information about the realized trading performance, in comparison to the risk that the trader took to achieve that performance.
It is very similar to the Profit Factor, but the Profit Factor just compares the average winning trade and the average losing trade. The GtP ratio, though, compares the return relative to the risk.
When comparing two trading strategies, the one with the higher GtP ratio has taken less risk to achieve the realized return. The lower the GtP, the more risk the trader has taken.
To calculate the GtP we use the following formula:
GtP = (Return of all trades) / (Return of losing trades * 1)
In the example below, all systems realized the same return, but the system with the least amount of total losses has the highest GtP.
The main difference between the Profit Factor and the Gain to Pain becomes obvious when comparing systems 3 and 4. Whereas both have the same Profit Factor, the Gain to Pain for system 4 is much lower due to the higher negative return, indicating more risk.

Total Return 
Return of all wins 
Return of all losses 
Profit Factor 
Gain to Pain 
System 1 
1000 USD 
1500 USD 
500 USD 
3 
2 
System 2 
1000 USD 
1800 USD 
800 USD 
2.25 
1,25 
System 3 
1000 USD 
2000 USD 
1000 USD 
2 
1 
System 4 
1000 USD 
4000 USD 
2000 USD 
2 
0.25 
By now, you've been armed with a comprehensive understanding of the trading performance statistics within your Edgewonk journal. Remember, consistent tracking and analysis are key. As you diligently record your trades and delve deeper into these metrics, you'll gain invaluable insights into your strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement. So, put your newfound knowledge to the test, leverage your journal's power, and watch your trading journey flourish!
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